Causes of Starvation, Hunger, and Food Insecurity

1. Poverty
Poverty and hunger exist in a vicious cycle. Families living in poverty usually can’t afford nutritious food, leading to undernourishment. In turn, undernourishment makes it difficult for people to earn more money so that they can afford healthy food. Families living in poverty might also sell off their livestock or tools to supplement their income. This buys short-term relief but perpetuates a longer-term pattern of hunger and poverty that is often passed down from parents to children.

2. Food Shortages
Across Africa, including regions like the Sahel and the Horn of Africa, farming families experience periods before harvests known as “hungry seasons.” These are the times of the year when food supplies from the previous harvest are exhausted, but the chance to replenish supplies is still some time off. This leaves families forced to skip one (or more) meals each day in the period before the next harvest – which could be months away.

3. War and Conflict
War and conflict are also among the leading contributors to world hunger. In South Sudan, Civil War has led to mass displacement and abandonment of fields. The result is crop failure which, combined with a soaring inflation rate that makes imported goods unaffordable, has left six million people food insecure. Likewise, Yemen’s ongoing conflict has led to over half the country (approximately 17 million people) in need of urgent action in the absence of ongoing humanitarian food assistance.

4. Climate Change
Countries like Zambia enjoy relative peace and political stability. However, they are also plagued by hunger due to climate extremes. Too much, or too little, rainfall can destroy Harvest or reduce the amount of animal pasture available. These fluctuations are made worse by the El Nino weather system and are likely to increase due to changes in climate. Extreme climate patterns also tend to affect the poorest regions of the world the most. The World Bank estimates that climate change has the power to push more than 100 million people into poverty over the next decade.

5. Poor nutrition
Hunger isn’t simply a lack of access to food it’s a lack of access to the right nutrients. To thrive, humans need a range of foods providing a variety of essential health benefits. Poor families often rely on just one or two staple foods, like corn or wheat, which means they’re not getting enough critical macronutrients and vitamins, and may still suffer the effects of hunger.

A lack of nutrition is especially important for pregnant and breastfeeding women and young children: nutrition support during pregnancy and up to the age of 5 can help protect children for their entire lives. Proper nutrition reduces the likelihood of disease, poor health, and cognitive impairment.

6. Poor Public Policy
Systemic problems, like poor infrastructure or low investment in agriculture, often prevent food and water from reaching the world populations that need them most.

7. Economy
Much like the poverty-hunger cycle, a country’s economic resilience has a direct effect on its nutritional resilience. For example, Liberia’s overall economic troubles deep and after the Ebola outbreak in 2014. 5 years later 50% live below the poverty line. Working towards economic stability overall will have a ripple effect on other causes of World Hunger sided on this list.

8. Food Waste
According to the World Food Programme, one-third of all food produced – over 1.3 billion tons of it Dash is never consumed. What’s more, producing this wasted food also uses other natural resources that, when threatened, have a ripple effect in the countries that are already hit hardest by hunger, poverty, and climate change. Producing this wasted food requires an amount of water equal to the annual flow of Russia’s Volga River – and adds 3.3 billion tons of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

9. Gender Inequality
In its Sustainable Development Goal 2, the UN reveals: “if women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry in the world could be reduced by up to 150 million.” Female farmers are responsible for growing, harvesting, preparing, and selling the majority of food in poor countries. Women are on the front lines of the fight against hunger, yet there frequently under-represented at the forums where important decisions on policy and resources are made

10. Forced Migration
Beyond war and conflict, several factors contribute to the causes of forced migration. This includes hunger, but forced migration can also be a cause of hunger. Many refugees living abroad live in neighboring countries with limited resources to begin with. In Lebanon, for example, nearly a third of the population are refugees placing a huge strain on resources.

This information was found on the website: https://www.concernusa.org/story/top-causes-world-hunger/
Feed a Billion does not take credit for this article, we are sharing with the purpose to inform more people of the causes of starvation, hunger, and food insecurity.

With over 800 million people facing food insecurity every day, the challenge of hunger eradication is massive. In Jharkhand, we’ve chosen to focus on mitigating the effects of Poverty, Poor Nutrition, Poor Public Policy, and Gender Inequality.

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